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First results from NASA’s ICESat-2 mission map 16 years of melting...

IMAGE: This shows the amount of ice gained or lost by Antarctica between 2003 and 2019. Dark reds and purples show large average rates of ice loss near the coasts, while... view more  Credit: Smith et al./Science Using the most advanced Earth-observing laser instrument NASA has ever flown in space, a team of scientists led by the University of Washington has made precise measurements of how…

Physics tip sheet: APS April Meeting

WASHINGTON, D.C., April 9, 2019 -- This tip sheet highlights interesting presentations from the upcoming 2019 APS April Meeting in Denver -- a major international meeting that features talks and presentations about discoveries in astrophysics, particle physics, energy research and many other areas of modern physics. The meeting runs from Saturday, April 13 through Tuesday, April 16 at the Sheraton Denver Downtown Hotel, located at…

Synthetic biology goes to SPAAAAAAACE!

IMAGE: Seed storage and plant germination beds. view more  Credit: Mathew Crawley/University of Utah College of Science If humanity is going to push the boundaries of space exploration, we're going to need plants to come along for the ride. Not just spinach or potatoes, though--plants can do so much more than just feed us. A science experiment aiming to demonstrate plants' capabilities in space has arrived…

Lehigh research team to investigate a ‘Google for research data’

IMAGE: Brian Davison, Associate Professor of Computer Science Engineering at Lehigh University, is principal investigator of an NSF-backed project to develop a search engine intended to help scientists and others locate... view more  Credit: Lehigh University There was a time--not that long ago--when the phrases "Google it" or "check Yahoo" would have been interpreted as sneezes, or a perhaps symptoms of an oncoming seizure, rather than…

New cancer center established at Johns Hopkins University

NEW YORK, NY -- The Mark Foundation for Cancer Research announced today the creation of The Mark Foundation Center for Advanced Genomics and Imaging at the Johns Hopkins University (JHU), which will receive initial funding of $5 million over 2 years. Bringing together the tools of astronomy image analysis, pathology, computer science, cancer genomics, and immunogenomics to solve problems in oncology, the new center will…

Stars around the Milky Way: Cosmic space invaders or victims of...

Astronomers have investigated a small population of stars in the halo of the Milky Way Galaxy, finding its chemical composition to closely match that of the Galactic disk. This similarity provides compelling evidence that these stars have originated from within the disk, rather than from merged dwarf galaxies. The reason for this stellar migration is thought to be theoretically proposed oscillations of the Milky Way…

TESS dates an ancient collision with our galaxy

A single bright star in the constellation of Indus, visible from the southern hemisphere, has revealed new insights on an ancient collision that our galaxy the Milky Way underwent with another smaller galaxy called Gaia-Enceladus early in its history. An international team of scientists led by the University of Birmingham adopted the novel approach of applying the forensic characterisation of a single ancient, bright star…

Research reveals more about TRAPPIST-1 planets, and the possibility of life

A series of four studies have shed new light on the properties of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary system, currently our most optimal hope for evidence of biological life beyond the Solar system. Since the extent of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary system was revealed in February 2017, it has captured the imagination of people the world over. The new studies, including papers published today in Nature Astronomy and…

To find giant black holes, start with Jupiter

IMAGE: On a quest to find the Universe's largest black holes, Vanderbilt researcher identifies the center of the solar system within 100 meters. view more  Credit: David Champion The revolution in our understanding of the night sky and our place in the universe began when we transitioned from using the naked eye to a telescope in 1609. Four centuries later, scientists are experiencing a similar transition…

Sedimentary, dear Johnson: Is NASA looking at the wrong rocks for...

IMAGE: ESEM image of a fossil fungal mycelium with associated 'cauliflower-like' microstromatolite formed by iron-oxidizing bacteria. From Koko Seamount, Pacific Ocean. 43 Ma old. view more  Credit: Dr. Magnus Ivarsson In 2020, NASA and European-Russian missions will look for evidence of past life on Mars. But while volcanic, igneous rock predominates on the Red Planet, virtually the entire Earth fossil record comes from sedimentary rocks. Addressing…
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