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Fusion science and astronomy collaboration enables investigation of the origin of...

IMAGE: Artist's impression of a kilonova caused by a neutron star merger. In the material released by the merger, various heavy elements are formed, which then absorb and emit light. New... view more  Credit: NAOJ A research team of experts in atomic physics, nuclear fusion science, and astronomy succeeded in computing millions of highly accurate atomic data of neodymium ions in the Japan-Lithuania international collaboration. This…

Samara Polytech scientists developed a lunar walker

IMAGE: In perspective, walking architecture can become the most environmentally friendly vehicle. view more  Credit: @SamaraPolytech Larifuga translated from Latin - "tramper". Projects of walking structures is the result of one of the interdisciplinary teams work of the Samara Polytech. Architects Anton Rakov and Julia Ratieva calculated an innovative scheme for converting rotary motion into steps. By the way, this is the fourth in the world…

NASA Goddard teams to study unopened Apollo samples

Two proposals submitted by teams, led by scientists from NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, have been selected to analyze unopened Apollo samples. The proposals were selected under The Apollo Next Generation Sample Analysis or ANGSA program. Its goal is to is maximize the science derived from samples returned by the Apollo Program in preparation for future lunar missions anticipated in the 2020s…

Researchers uncover additional evidence for massive solar storms

Our planet is constantly being bombarded by cosmic particles. However, at times the stream of particles is particularly strong when a solar storm sweeps past. Solar storms are made up of high-energy particles unleashed from the sun by explosions on the star's surface. For the past 70 years, researchers have studied these solar storms by direct instrumental observations, which has led to an understanding of…

NASA’s LRO sheds light on lunar water movement

Scientists, using an instrument aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), have observed water molecules moving around the dayside of the Moon. A paper published in Geophysical Research Letters describes how Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) measurements of the sparse layer of molecules temporarily stuck to the surface helped characterize lunar hydration changes over the course of a day. Up until the last decade or so,…

Kepler Space Telescope’s first exoplanet candidate confirmed

IMAGE: Sound waves propagating through the stellar interior were used to characterize the star and the planet. Kepler-1658b, orbiting with a period of just 3.8 days, was the first exoplanet candidate... view more  Credit: Gabriel Perez Diaz/Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias An international team of astronomers, led by University of Hawaii graduate student Ashley Chontos, announced the confirmation of the first exoplanet candidate identified by NASA's…

Hubble’s dazzling display of 2 colliding galaxies

IMAGE: Located in the constellation of Hercules, about 230 million light-years away, NGC 6052 is a pair of colliding galaxies. view more  Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Adamo et al. Located in the constellation of Hercules, about 230 million light-years away, NGC 6052 is a pair of colliding galaxies. They were first discovered in 1784 by William Herschel and were originally classified as a single irregular…

Discovering bonus science with NASA’s Magnetospheric Multiscale Spacecraft

The four Magnetospheric Multiscale spacecraft are flying out of their element. The spacecraft have just completed a short detour from their routine science -- looking at processes within Earth's magnetic environment -- and instead ventured outside it, studying something they were not originally designed for. For three weeks, MMS studied the solar wind -- the stream of supersonic charged particles flung around the solar system…

NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory catches lunar freeze frame

IMAGE: The relative speeds and positions of the Moon, the Sun and NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory resulted in this unusual lunar transit where the Moon appears to pause and reverse course.... view more  Credit: NASA/Goddard/SDO On the evening of March 6, 2019, the Moon started to transit the Sun, then doubled back and retraced its steps in the other direction -- at least, that's what it…

Measurements yielded precise atomic masses for nuclear reactions in the stars

Our body and the matter around us is composed of chemical elements mainly created in stars via nuclear reactions and complex nuclear reaction networks. To understand these processes, we need to know properties of participating nuclei, such as their masses. In her doctoral thesis in the field of nuclear physics at the University of Jyväskylä, M. Sc. Laetitia Canete has precisely measured the atomic masses…
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